If You Are Questioned or Frisked

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The following advice is offered by the National Black Police Association, an organization dedicated to promoting justice, fairness and effectiveness in law enforcement.


  • Police may stop and briefly detain you only if there is reasonable suspicion that you committed, are committing or are about to commit a crime.
  • You should ask if you are under arrest or free to leave.
  • In New York, you are not required to carry ID, and you don’t have to show ID to a police officer. If you are issued a summons or arrested, however, and you refuse to produce ID or tell officers who you are, the police may detain you until you can be positively identified.
  • Don’t bad-mouth a police officer or run away, even if you believe what is happening is unreasonable. That could lead to your arrest.

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